10007818  Serum Retinol Binding Protein 4 (human recombinant)


Source: recombinant His-tagged protein purified from E. coli · Mr: ~21 kDa · Human serum retinol binding protein 4 (sRBP4) binds to one equivalent of vitamin A and is one of the major retinol carriers found in the blood of mammals.1,2 Human sRBP4 is a monomeric 21 kDa β-sheet-rich protein that contains three disulfide bonds and belongs to the lipocalin protein family.3 In plasma, sRBP4 typically forms a 1:1 complex with the 55 kDa tetrameric protein transthyretin (TTR) which prevents RBP from being removed from the plasma by glomerular filtration.4 Recent studies have shown that sRBP4 is an adipocyte-derived “signal” that may contribute to the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes.5,6 Elevation of sRBP4 causes systemic insulin resistance, whereas reduced serum concentrations of sRBP4 improves insulin action.5,7,8 Cayman’s human recombinant sRBP4 contains a C-terminal hexahistidine tag. The purified protein was characterized for its retinol binding activity.
1  Noy, N. Retinoid-binding proteins: Mediators of retinoid action. Biochem J 348 481-495 (2000).
2  Xie, Y., Lashuel, H.A., Miroy, G.J., et al. Recombinant human retinol-binding protein refolding, native disulfide formation, and characterization. Protein Expr Purif 14 31-37 (1998).
3  Cowan, S.W., Newcomer, M.E., and Jones, T.A. Crystallographic refinement of human serum retinol binding protein at 2Å resolution. Proteins 8 44-61 (1990).
4  Sivaprasadarao, A., and Findlay, J.B.C. Expression of functional human retinol-binding protein in Escherichia coli using a secretion vector. Biochem J 296 209-215 (1993).
5  Yang, Q., Graham, T.E., Mody, N., et al. Serum retinol binding protein 4 contributes to insulin resistance in obesity and type 2 diabetes. Nature 436 356-362 (2005).
6  Muoio, D.M., and Newgard, C.B. A is for adipokine. Nature 436 337-338 (2005).
7  Graham, T.E., Yang, Q., Blüher, M., et al. Retinol-binding protein 4 and insulin resistance in lean, obese, and diabetic subjects. N Engl J Med 354(24) 2552-2563 (2006).
8  Polonsky, K.S. Retinol-binding protein 4, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med 354(24) 2596-2598 (2006).

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100 µg €528.00
Pricing updated 2016-05-24.
Prices are subject to change without notice.